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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 388-392

Determinants of contraceptive practices among eligible couples of Urban Slum in Bankura District, West Bengal

1 Department of Community Medicine, Bankura Sammilani Medical College, Bankura, India
2 Blood Bank, Deben Mahata Sadar Hospital, Purulia, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Mata Gujri Memorial Medical College, Kishanganj, Bihar, India
4 Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
5 Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Science, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Gautam Sarker
483, Sahid Khudiram Bose Sarani, 3rd Floor, Kolkata - 700 030, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2249-4863.148119

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Background: Primary care physicians should be aware of the alarming population growth in the developing countries including India. Objectives: To find couple protection rate (CPR) and risk variables that affect contraceptive practice among eligible couples in an urban slum of Bankura district. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional observational study of 3 months was undertaken on 200 eligible couples in Bakultala urban slum, Lokepur, Bankura district, West Bengal to get relation between various factors that could affect contraceptive practices. Results: Majority of the study population (59%) was young adults (20-29 years age); 65% belonged to nuclear families; one-third were married in less than 18 years of their age. CPR was 67.50%; 49% used permanent methods. Among contraceptive users, significantly higher numbers of couples were married during 18-24 years of age (75%), belonged to nuclear family (70%), literate up to class 10 (73%), having three or more living children (77.50%), and from socioeconomic status of class II (80%). Female literacy rate was higher than national average; 92.50%wives of eligible couple were literate; and tubectomy was commonest contraceptive methods. Conclusion: CPR was high, though different factors like age at marriage, type of family, number of living children, literacy status of female partner, and socioeconomic status significantly affected contraceptive behavior of the study population.

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