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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 182-190

Past, present, and future of iodine deficiency disorders in India: Need to look outside the blinkers

1 Department of Community Medicine, North DMC Medical College, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Army College of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Orthopedics, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, New Delhi, India
4 Department of Community Dentistry, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tanu Anand
H-1/7, Malviya Nagar, New Delhi-110 017
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_372_16

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Iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs) have been recognized as one of the major nutritional disorders throughout the world affecting 200 million people who are at risk and another 71 million suffering from goiter and other IDDs. These groups of disorders can affect every stage of life, but most vulnerable age group is between 6 and 12 years and these disorders together constitute the single largest preventable cause of brain damage leading to learning disabilities and psychomotor impairment. The existence of endemic goiter in an extensive belt along the southern slopes of the Himalayas, Alps, and Andes has long been described, but consistently high prevalence of IDDs outside the endemic zones and failure to attain goals set by the National Iodine Deficiency Disorder Control Program questions the strategy and achievements till date. Therefore, the present article is an attempt to critically examine the program since inception in India.

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