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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 218-221

Prevalence of self-care practices and assessment of their sociodemographic risk factors among diabetes in the urban slums of Bengaluru

1 Department of Family Medicine, St. Philomena Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Medical Superintendent, St. Philomenas Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Lecturer, St. Philomena's Nursing College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hemavathi Dasappa
St. Philomena's Hospital, Ashok Nagar, Bengaluru, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2249-4863.220037

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Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of self-care practices in the urban slums of Bengaluru among diabetes and also to assess their sociodemographic risk factors. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was done in the two slums of Bengaluru comprising 163 diabetes patients. The prevalence of self-care practices and their sociodemographic risk was analyzed. Results: Maximum adherence was seen for blood sugar testing (77.91%), and least adherence was seen for diet (12.26%). Adherence to exercise was 30.67%, adherence to foot care was 48.46%, and adherence to medication was 60.73%. Some of the sociodemographic factors associated with good self-care practices are young age, gender, formal education, occupation, and religion. Good adherence to medication is associated with better control of blood sugars. Conclusion: A clinician should be able to identify these risk factors and give special attention to these groups of patients and make realistic recommendations for self-care activities.

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