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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 270-273

An epidemiological study of mortality among mothers admitted in a rural tertiary hospital of West Bengal

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Medicine and JNM Hospital, Nadia, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Anaesthesiology, ESI-PGIMSR and ESIC Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Banasree Bhadra
8A/2, Anupama Housing Complex, Phase 1, VIP Road, Kolkata - 700 052, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2249-4863.220004

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Background: Maternal mortality reflects the quality of obstetric services given to pregnant women in the community. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to calculate the maternal mortality rate in a teaching institution, to assess the epidemiological aspects of maternal mortality, and to assess the different causes of maternal mortality. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study where individual records of all maternal deaths occurring in our hospital during the past 6 years from 2009 to 2014 were studied. The cause of death and the factors which led to death in each individual case were analyzed. Results: A total of 105 maternal deaths occurred during the study period. The mean maternal mortality ratio in the study period was 233/100,000 live births. Most maternal deaths (37.14%) occurred in the age group of 20–24 years, multiparous women (74.28%) and in women from rural areas (70.47%). Most of the women were unbooked or unregistered patients (64.76%), and 40.95% cases were referred cases. Direct causes accounted for 90.47% of maternal deaths whereas 9.52% of maternal deaths were due to indirect causes. Hemorrhage (26.6%) and eclampsia (27.6%) were the major direct causes of maternal deaths. Conclusion: There is scope for improvement as a large proportion of the observed deaths are preventable. Improving the rural health centers, upgrading the referral centers, and proper transport system is the need of the hour.

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