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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 616-621

Barriers and enablers to adoption of intrauterine device as a contraceptive method: A multi-stakeholder perspective

1 Department of Health and Family Welfare, Sub-Divisional Hospital, Cuttack, Government of Odisha, Odisha, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
3 Indian Institute of Public Health Bhubaneswar, Public Health Foundation of India, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
4 Disease Surveillance Medical Officer, Directorate of Public Health, Government of Odisha, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
5 Regional Medical Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research, Chandrasekharpur, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sandipana Pati
ICMR - Regional Medical Research Centre, Department of Health Research, Govt. of India, Chandrasekharpur, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751023
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2249-4863.222028

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Background: Promoting family planning practices aid considerably in attaining Millennium Development Goals by various mechanisms. Despite concerted health system efforts, adoption of especially reversible contraceptive methods such as intrauterine devices (IUDs) has remained negatively skewed in India, which is the pioneer country to implement Family Planning programme way back in 1952. Although few studies in India have looked into the reasons for its nonacceptance, literature from Odisha was scant and hence the study was undertaken. Methodology: A cross-sectional study using qualitative methods was done in the Mahanga Tehsil of Cuttack district. In-depth interviews were conducted with women of reproductive age (WRA) and focused group discussions (FGDs) among health workers and health professionals were held separately. Data analysis was done using thematic framework approach supported by Atlas Ti software. Results: There were 31 in-depth interviews with WRA, two FGDs with health workers, and one FGD with health professionals. Availability of IUD services was low and wherever available, being located far away affected its physical accessibility. Most women were reluctant to ask health workers about services owing to their shyness while many women felt using IUDs breached their autonomy and privacy. The existence of fear and misconceptions regarding its use rooting from lack of knowledge and poor service quality also impeded its adoption by women. Conclusion: There is a pressing need to enhance the demand of IUDs by dispelling the myths among women through effective information, education, and communication and also to improve the availability of IUDs.

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