Home Print this page Email this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size
Users Online: 995
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 224-229

An investigation into symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and treatment complications in patients with retrosternal goiter

Inflammatory Lung Disease Research Center, School of Medicine, Razi Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Science, Rasht, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohammad Reza Asgary
Inflammatory Lung Disease Research Center, School of Medicine, Razi Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Science, Rasht
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_286_17

Rights and Permissions

Introduction: Retrosternal goiter refers to any thyroid enlargement in which over 50% of the thyroid permanently located under the thoracic inlet or the lower pole of thyroid is not palpable with the neck in hyperextended position. Due to the increasing number of surgical procedures of retrosternal goiter, the present study was carried out to examine the symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and treatment complications in retrosternal goiter patients. Materials and Methods: Data related to demographic data (age and gender), clinical symptoms (dyspnea, dysphagia, dysphonia, lumps in neck, and hoarseness), methods of diagnosis (computed tomography [CT], chest X-ray [CXR], ultrasonography, and magnetic resonance imaging), and postoperative complications (bleeding, early and late dysphonia, early and late dyspnea, transient and permanent hypocalcemia, transient, and permanent recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis) were collected. Results: According to the results 71.4% of patients were women and most of the participants (67.1%) aged 45–60 years. Mass in the neck was the most frequent symptoms before surgery (88.6%). The most common incision for thyroidectomy (95/7%) was neck Collar incision. Diagnosis method in 82.9% and 17.1% of cases was, respectively, based on CT scans with CXR and CT scans with CXR and ultrasound. According to the postoperative pathologic findings, 58.5% of the cases were multinodular goiter, 22.9% were papillary cell carcinoma, 7.1% were medullary carcinoma, 5.7% were anaplastic carcinoma, 5.7% were thyroid lymphoma, and only 1.4% were thyroid adenoma. Postoperative complications occurred in 47.14% of patients. Most common complication was early transient dysphonia. Conclusion: This study recommends that retrosternal goiter should be operated early under suitable conditions, and the best diagnosis tool and best surgery methods are CT scan and surgery with collar incision, respectively.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded195    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 4    

Recommend this journal