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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 401-405

Evaluation of out-patient prescriptions in rural part of central Gujarat

1 Department of Pharmacology, Jhalawar Medical College and Hospital, Jhalawar, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Pharmacology, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, India
3 Department of Pharmacology, GMERS Medical College, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nitin Kothari
Jhalawar Medical College and Hospital, Jhalawar, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_424_16

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Background: The prescription error is a failure in the prescription writing process leading to wrong instructions about the identity of the recipient, the identity of the drug, the formulation, dose, route, timing, frequency, and duration of administration. This study is an effort directed to find errors in prescription writing and interventions to improve on such error-prone practices of prescription writing. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, observational study conducted to analyze the prescription writing errors in the outpatient department in the rural area of Anand district of Central Gujarat. Prescriptions were collected from two nearby rural areas of Anand city-Petlad and Anklav. The prescription copies so-obtained were analyzed as per the WHO guidelines for “Prescription Writing Errors.” Results: Overall, 191 prescriptions were collected from both rural areas in the study. The highest number of prescriptions was collected from general practitioners, followed by surgeons and gynecologists. Name, qualification, and address of prescribers were mentioned in all the prescriptions while registration number was mentioned only in 14.10% of prescriptions. The esoteric symbol was mentioned in 63% of prescriptions. Prescribers signed their prescription only in 48% of prescriptions. A total of 420 drugs were prescribed to the patients in the study. All but one drug were prescribed by brand name. Dosage form and route of administration of drugs were mentioned in >60% of drugs. Conclusion: Most medical schools provide some training in prescribing to medical undergraduates; however, this training is perceived to be suboptimal by medical students and junior doctors. Such training programs are the need of the hour.

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