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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 1002-1006

Economic impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A cross-sectional study at teaching hospital in South India

Department of Public Health, Public Health Evidence South Asia, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. N Sreekumaran Nair
6th Floor Library Building, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_75_16

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Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease continues to be the important contribution toward disability, death, and burden in the costs of health care globally. Economic impact of COPD is attributed with substantial direct and indirect costs. COPD affects the productivity of work that poses a burden on the employers and also on individuals in terms of loss of pay, limitation of activities, and related disability. Materials and Methods: Hospital-based cross-sectional study among 24 respondents in selected hospital in Udupi Taluk. Respondents were identified by purposive sampling technique and data were collected in respondent's mother tongue. An interviewer administered questionnaire was used to collect data related to patient's demographic status, disease history, and direct and indirect costs of COPD. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 15. Results: The mean total direct medical cost that was observed among 24 respondents was Rs. 29,885 ± 11,995.33 and the mean total direct nonmedical cost was Rs. 7,441.25 ± 2,228.90. The mean total direct medical costs of COPD patients with comorbidity were Rs. 28,148.2353 ± 2,578.01580 and for those without comorbid illness was Rs. 13,460.0000 ± 1,255.33528. The observed mean absenteeism in the past 28 days was 193.50 ± 33.62 h. The mean absolute presenteeism of respondents is 72.05 ± 7.55. Conclusions: The major drivers of the total cost were cost of hospitalizations and medication costs. Acknowledging the costs and economic impact of COPD is therefore extremely important in the management of COPD and in reducing the mortality and morbidity related to COPD and in improving adherence to treatment.

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