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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 1054-1057

Prevalence, clinical features, and diagnosis of Trichomonas vaginalis among female STI clinic attendees in Trinidad

1 Queens Park Counseling Center and Clinic, Ministry of Health, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago
2 South West Regional Health Authority, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
3 Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
4 North West Regional Health Authority, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vijay K Chattu
Public Health and Primary Care Unit Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies
Trinidad and Tobago
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_102_18

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Background: Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) is one of the most common pathogens causing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in both men and women. Since there are no accurate prevalence data available on TV infection among women for Trinidad and Tobago and in the Caribbean region, there is a great need for research to study the dynamics of the infection and its transmission. Objectives: To determine the prevalence and diagnose TV infection in women attending the STI clinic and to provide recommendations for control and prevention of trichomoniasis in the community. Study Design: A cross-sectional study was designed after obtaining the informed consent. Following a routine clinical examination, vaginal swabs were collected – one for wet mount preparation, one for InPouch culture, and other two for OSOM rapid test/and fluorescent antibody testing. Cotton swabs and Dacron swabs were used for testing. Results: A prevalence of 16% of trichomoniasis out of 422 females was recorded. In all, 65 (65%) were in the age range of 15–29 years and peak of 30% in the age group of 20–24 years. Vaginal discharge was a common complaint (83%); 75.6% had foul odor and only 9.8% had typical fishy odor. The majority of them (87%) had whitish-yellow colored discharge. Conclusion: Prevalence of trichomoniasis is significant in the female population attending STI clinic. Targeting high-risk age group between 15 and 29 years for control and prevention would be beneficial. Prompt and accurate diagnosis using appropriate laboratory test is recommended.

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