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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 845-851

Primarycare teams and recent experiments towards population coverage in India

1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, BRS Dental College and Hospital, Panchkula, India
2 President Academy of Family Physicians of India, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, MM College of Dental Sciences and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
4 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Karnavati School of Dentistry, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
5 Department of Periodontics, Rayat and Bahra Dental College and Hospital, Mohali, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ramandeep S Gambhir
Reader and Head, BRS Dental College and Hospital, Panchkula - 134 118, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_49_18

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Many people in India, especially the poor, face the hurdle of seeking effective health care at an affordable cost, at a distance they can travel, and with the dignity they deserve. According to reports from across the world, it is evident that countries having a strong primary health care system, have better health outcomes, lower inequalities, and lower costs of care. Primary care requires a team of health professionals, workers, and volunteers having a judicious skill mix. Some initiatives have been taken by the government in states like Kerala, Assam, Chhattisgarh, etc., to strengthen the primary health care infrastructure and provide primary care as close to their homes as possible. Staff deficiencies were addressed and training was also provided to the untrained staff. The current review focuses on several other primary care organizations that are working in different parts of the country (rural and urban), for e.g. Healthspring, MeraDoctor, Swasth India, Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojna (RSBY) Outpatient Pilot Program, etc. The current review also throws spot light on the type of primary health care system existing in countries like China, South Africa and Brazil. Some lacunae in service delivery are also identified and addressed so that changes can be incorporated at the policy and program level.

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