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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1193-1196

Prevalence of primary headache among medical students at King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ibrahim S Almesned
King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_240_18

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Background: Headache is among the commonest complaints in medical students; it could be due to many physical or psychological stressors. It has two main types: primary (including tension-type, migraine, and cluster) and secondary. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of headache among male and female medical students. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted at KSAU-HS, COM, in January 2018. Third- and fourth-year medical students from both genders who have experienced headache throughout their life or are experiencing it for the past 3 months were included in this study. All medical students completed filling the questionnaire, which consisted of demographical data, headache characteristics and triggers, and associated symptoms. Results: A total of 264 [150 (56.81%) males and 114 (43.19%) females] students were evaluated. The prevalence of headache was 53.78%, and the prevalence of tension-type headache was 41.66%. The prevalence of migraine headache was 7.1%. Only one case of cluster headache was detected. Those who did not fit the criteria for the primary types were categorized as unspecified headache. The prevalence of unspecified headache was 3.78%. Conclusion: We can conclude from the study that tension-type headache is commonly reported in medical students. It is imperative to provide a stress-free study environment where students can perform more effectively, and sessions on how to reduce stress and alleviate fatigue are highly recommended.

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