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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1248-1252

Causes of delayed arrival with acute ischemic stroke beyond the window period of thrombolysis

Department of Neurology, Sri Ramachandra Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Narenraj Arulprakash
25B/2 Masilamanipuram, 3rd Street, Tuticorin - 628 008, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_122_18

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Context: Early thrombolytic therapy in acute ischemic stroke has proven to reduce the associated morbidity. Many factors are in play, delaying the arrival of patients. Aim: To ascertain the factors causing delay in patients with acute ischemic stroke presenting beyond the window period of thrombolysis in and around Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. Subjects and Methods: An observational cross-sectional study involving 200 patients with acute ischemic stroke at Sri Ramachandra Medical College, Chennai, India between June 2015 and July 2016 was conducted. The data was collected by direct interview using a questionnaire designed to study factors such as age, family structure, residence, distance from the hospital, education status, wake-up stroke, transport, symptoms, knowledge about symptoms, seriousness of symptoms, waiting on symptoms, insurance and point of admission. Data was analyzed for means, frequencies, percentages and multiple linear regression analysis was performed to identify factors independently influencing delayed arrival. Results: Mean age of the cohort was 58.08 years: 142 men and 58 women. Mean time of delayed arrival was 13.6 hours. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that seriousness of symptoms (P = 0.001), residence (P = 0.001), point of admission (P = 0.033) and wake-up stroke (P = 0.005) were statistically significant predictors of delayed arrival. Conclusion: Patients not perceiving their symptoms to be serious, residing in a rural area, not arriving to the emergency, and having a stroke while awake were all the significant predictors of pre-hospital delay in our study. Awareness among the masses about symptom recognition and early arrival to a tertiary care center will reduce the delay and associated morbidity. Primary care physicians notably play a significant role in educating patients at risk, identifying the symptoms of stroke and referring them for thrombolysis.

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