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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1548-1554

Associated head injuries and survival rate of patients with maxillofacial fractures in road traffic accident:A prospective study in Saudi Arabia

1 Medical Student, Colleges of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Medical Student, Colleges of Medicine, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Al Kharj, Saudi Arabia
3 Medical Student, Colleges of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4 Medical Student, Colleges of Dentistry, Majmaah University, Majmaah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sameer Al-Ghamdi
Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al Kharj
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_101_18

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Background: Every minute, an accident occurs in Saudi Arabia, causing 39,000 injuries and 7,000 deaths annually. Facial trauma or maxillofacial trauma (MFT) is a frequent presentation of road traffic accidents (RTAs), ranging from simple nasal fractures to gross or severe maxillofacial injuries. Methods: A total number of 237 patients were included in this prospective study from May 2013 to January 2018. The following medical details were recorded for each case, gender, age, fracture location, the presence of scalp laceration, the presence of brain damage, type of brain damage, shock degree, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), number of units used for blood transfusions for documentation of patient survival rate. We followed up the patients in their first appointment after 21 days of patient discharge from the hospital. Results: Majority of the patients were young male adults. A total of 59.1% of patients had cerebral damage, 38% (n = 90) of patients had at least, one scalp laceration, 43.5% (n = 103) of patients had some degree of shock, whereas 27.8% of the recruited patients needed at least 1 unit of blood transfusion. A total of 14.3% of the patients died as a result of their injuries, and the survival rate was 85.7%. Conclusions: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is having a high incidence of RTAs leading to high mortality rate. Therefore, it requires a sound evaluation of the risk factors for RTAs and establishment of guidelines to decrease the incidence of road traffic injuries and reduce health-care burden. Road safety campaigns focused on young population can help reduce RTAs and subsequent mortalities. Prompt arrival at the hospital, early diagnosis, and timely management of maxillofacial fractures and brain damages by skilled physicians will lower mortality rate in KSA..

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