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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 3569-3573

Performance of Indian diabetic risk score as a screening tool of diabetes among women of industrial urban area

1 Community Medicine, ESIC Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 ESI Diagnostic Centre, Jeedimetla, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
3 Department of Biochemistry, ESIC Medical College and Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
4 Employees State Insurance Corporation Medical College, Sanathnagar, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sudha Bala
Flat No-301, Shubodaya Enclave, Bagh Amberpet, Hyderabad, Telangana - 500 013
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_799_19

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Introduction: Hyderabad, the capital hub of Diabetes mellitus type 2 due to the epidemiological transition and varied lifestyle of urbanization. Indian Diabetes Risk Score (IDRS)is used to detect undiagnosed Type 2 diabetes. Aim: This study was taken up with an aim to assess the performance of IDRS as a screening tool to detect undiagnosed cases of type 2 Diabetes mellitus among women in Industrial urban area. Setting and Design: A Community based cross sectional study was undertaken at urban field practice area attached to our medical college, Hyderabad. Methods and Material: Women with already diagnosed type 2 Diabetes mellitus and those who were unwilling to give informed consent were excluded from the study. IDRS was used to to detect undiagnosed diabetes. Diabetes was confirmed using blood sugar levels on fasting venous sample. Statistical Analysis Used: Data was entered in Microsoft excel 2010 and was analysed as frequency, Mean+ Standard deviation along with sensitivity and specificity of the test. Results: As per the classification of IDRS 22% were at low risk, 40% medium risk and 38% at high risk. Components of IDRS noted majority about 45.4% with waist circumference > 90cms, no exercise among 66.6% and one parent having diabetes among 26%. Sensitivity was 59.4% and specificity was 37.3% of IDRS with the gold standard test (Fasting blood glucose) to assess the performance. Conclusion: IDRS is a cost effective tool which can be used for screening among undiagnosed cases.

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