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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 3634-3639

Magnitude of domestic violence and its socio-demographic correlates among pregnant women in Delhi

1 Director Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
2 Senior Resident, Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
3 Research Officer, Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ruchir Rustagi
Flat No. A-402, Maurya Apartments, Plot No. 95, I.P. Extension, Patparganj, East Delhi, New Delhi - 110 092
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_597_19

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Context: Domestic violence is violation of basic human rights, and poses a threat to the physical, mental, and social health aspects of women and her children. The causation of domestic violence is precipitated by many risk factors. Aims: Aim was to estimate the magnitude of domestic violence overall, and its sub-types, among pregnant women. The study also aimed to find the associated socio-demographic determinants of domestic violence among the subjects. Settings and Design: The study was designed as a cross-sectional study to estimate the prevalence of domestic violence and to find socio-demographic correlates in its causation. A total of 1500 apparently healthy pregnant women, with gestation up to 20 weeks were interviewed. Methods and Materials: A pre-tested semi-structured interview schedule was used to collect data on socio-demographic variables and details of domestic violence, after explaining the purpose of study to the subjects and obtaining informed consent. Statistical Analysis Used: Data was entered in Ms-Excel and IBM SPSS Version 25 was used for statistical analysis. Results: The findings revealed overall prevalence of domestic violence to be 29.7%, with emotional and verbal type of violence being most common type. Caste, religion, literacy status of study subjects, and occupational status of spouses of study subjects were reported as significant correlates affecting the causation of domestic violence among the subjects. Conclusions: The findings highlight the burden and thus, stress for the need for effective involvement of all sectors in the elimination of domestic violence against women as a public health issue and develop zero-tolerance towards it.

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