Home Print this page Email this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size
Users Online: 4033
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 120-124

Reciprocate and nonreciprocate spousal violence: A cross-sectional study in Haryana, India

1 Department of Community Medicine, MM Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India
3 VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anu A Bhardwaj
Department of Community Medicine, MM Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Mullana, Ambala, Haryana
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_273_18

Rights and Permissions

Background: Prevention of intimate partner violence is an important public health goal owing to its negative psychological and physical health consequence. Objectives: Estimate the prevalence of reciprocate and nonreciprocate violence, severity of injuries, and related risk factors. Materials and Methods: The present study was a community-based cross-sectional study using multistage random sampling in which a total of 880 currently married women in the age group 15–49 years were interviewed using modified conflict tactics scale. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with both the types of domestic violence. Results: Total prevalence for spousal violence was 33.2% (283), out of which 14.84% (42) were reciprocally violent. Alcoholic husband [Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR): 3.262, P = 0.001], late year of marriage (>2 years) [AOR: 0.359, P = 0.001], low education of the participants [AOR: 1.443, P = 0.033], and low socioeconomic class [AOR: 0.562, P = 0.004] are the risk factors for nonreciprocate domestic violence. Alcoholic husband [AOR: 4.372, P = 0.001] and nuclear family [AOR: 3.115, P = 0.001] were found as significant risk factors for reciprocate domestic violence. Women indulging in reciprocate violence were associated with more severe injuries than nonreciprocate violence. Conclusion: This study depicts that every third female has experienced spousal violence and also highlights the existence of reciprocate violence in India. Alcoholism, low education of husbands, and living in nuclear family are the important determinants for reciprocate violence. Also, reciprocate violence is associated with severe injuries.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded179    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal