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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 62-71

Preintensive care: Thrombolytic (streptokinase or tenecteplase) in ST elevated acute myocardial infarction at peripheral hospital

1 Department of Medicine, Bawaskar Hospital and Clinical Research Center, Mahad Raigad, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Cardiology, Topiwala National Medical College and BYL Nair Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Himmatrao S Bawaskar
Bawaskar Hospital and Clinical Research Center, Mahad Raigad, Maharashtra - 402 301
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_297_18

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Background: Coronary artery disease is a major cause of death in India. Sudden death preceded by chest pain is due to acute myocardial infarction. Villagers are aware and afraid of chest pain. Majority of chest pain victims attend the primary physician in golden hours. Hence, primary doctors can play important role for early thrombolysis and salvage the myocardium from irreversible injury. This study determined year mortality in a patient who received the rapid thrombolysis at primary care hospital (streptokinase or tenecteplase) at rural setting. Setting: Peripheral General Hospital Mahad on Mumbai–Goa highway. Patients and Methods: Patients with typical chest pain with electrocardiogram showed ST segment elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) with or without risk factors admitted from 2005 to march 2016 were studied. Details clinically studied: time interval between chest pain to hospital, hospital to needle time, reperfusion and arrhythmias. Time required for regression of elevated ST segment, a response to thrombolytic (streptokinase or tenecteplase) therapy, is studied. Results: Total 244 patient reported with chest pain of these 35 cases brought dead with history of chest pain and convulsive moment before they died. Of these, 209 patients had acute STEMI. Of these, 162 received streptokinase (STK) and 47 received tenecteplase (TNP)]. Analysis of STK Vs TNP patients 18 (11.11%) versus 3 (6.38%) (P = 0.361) died during the treatment. Around 17 (18.49%) vs 5 (10.63%) (P = 0.941) did not show signs of reperfusion, respectively. Re infarction occurred during hospitalization 3 (2.5%) versus 3 (6.38%) (P = 0.094) cases. Around 12 (7.40%) versus 0% (P = 0.072) died at the end of 12 months of thrombolytic therapy. Conclusion: Thrombolysis of STEMI within golden hours improved the reperfusion. However, 1-year fatality is significance with streptokinase as compared with tenecteplase.

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