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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 115-118

Prevalence and correlates of Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) risk factors among school children in a rural area of North India

1 Department of Community Medicine, GMC, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, GMC, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, ASCOMS, Sidhra, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India
4 Department of Community Medicine, Dr. RP Govt. Medical College, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rajiv K Gupta
epartment of Community Medicine, GMC, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_587_19

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Background: Attention-deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of childhood and has the potential for continuity into adolescence and adulthood. Its presence increases difficulties in academic performance and social interactions besides leading to low self-esteem. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of ADHD among children of age 6–12 years in Government schools of a rural area in Jammu district of J and K. Methods: The present study was conducted in R.S. Pura block of Jammu district. Miran Sahib zone of R.S Pura block was chosen randomly and all the government primary schools in this zone were included in the survey. The presence of ADHD was assessed using Vanderbilt ADHD diagnostic teacher rating scale. The children positive for ADHD were visited at their residential places and a personal information questionnaire (PIQ) was administered to their parents—preferably the mother. The data thus collected was presented as proportions. Results: ADHD prevalence was found to be 6.34% (13/205). Majority (69.3%) of the ADHD-positive children were living in a joint family and belonged to lower/lower middle class. Family history of ADHD was absent in all the ADHD-positive children. Conclusion: The current study conducted in a rural area among 6- to 12-year-old children of Government schools has shown a reasonably high ADHD prevalence of 6.34%.

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