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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 151-155

Prevalence and correlates of depression in a rural adult population in Northwest India

1 Department of Community Medicine, ASCOMS, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, GMC, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, GMC, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India
4 Department of Community Medicine, Dr. RP Govt. Medical College, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manu Arora
Department of Psychiatry, GMC Jammu, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir - 180 017
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_656_19

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Background: Mental disorders are showing a discerning upward trend globally and it is projected that by 2030, depression would be the leading cause of disease burden globally. Depression has not only confined the developed world but is increasingly seen as a major public health problem in the developing world too. Methods: A stratified two-stage design was used to conduct a house-to-house survey in selected villages among consenting eligible members of the family. A three-part questionnaire, with the first part eliciting sociodemographic information was used. Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the second part of the questionnaire was used to screen those positive for depression and Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI-II). The third part was used for rating the depression. Data thus collected was analyzed and Chi-square test was used as test of significance. Results: The prevalence of depression was found to be 8.94% (73/816). Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI- II) for rating the depression revealed that mild depression was present in nearly half of the cases (47.95%), while 39.7% and 9.5% of the cases had moderate and severe depression, respectively. Among the various variables, literacy level, marital status, alcohol intake, chronic illness, and socioeconomic status were significantly associated with the depression. Conclusions: Prevalence of depression to the tune of 8.94% in rural adults seems to be a cause of concern for the health planners. Prevention and treatment of depression must be taken on priority and as a challenge by the health professionals.

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