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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 303-309

Perception of family planning and reasons for low acceptance of NSV among married males of urban slums of Lucknow city - A community based study

1 Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine, AIIMS, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, King Georges' Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shazia Shafi
Department of Community and Family Medicine, Departmental Office, AIIMS, Jodhpur - 342 005, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_779_19

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Background and Aims: Population explosion has been India's major problem since independence. It is a major obstacle to the overall progress of the nation. Adoption of family planning methods is one of the best solutions to tackle this problem. The roots of the factors influencing family planning issues are entrenched in the socio-cultural milieu of Indian society. Uttar Pradesh is the most populated state of the country having population of 199.581 million and TFR of 3.3 (AHS 2012-2013) with high fertile trajectory. Among the family planning methods currently, male sterilization accounts for only 0.3% of all sterilizations in Uttar Pradesh (AHS 2012-2013). A strategy to promote men's involvement in effective birth control is needed to reduce the population growth. The aim of this study is: i) To access the perception of married males towards family planning. ii) To access knowledge about NSV iii) enumerate the causes for low acceptance of NSV. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out. Multi-stage random sampling technique was used. In the first stage, two urban slums from each Nagar-Nigam zone was selected randomly. In the second stage, from each selected slum, a sample of 24 eligible households was selected at random to achieve the desired sample size. Results: Female sterilization technique was considered as the most effective family planning method by the male respondents. Socio-cultural barriers were the most important reason for the low acceptance of NSV. Educational status was found to be the most important predictor for these socio-cultural barriers. Conclusion: Measures should be taken to remove misconceptions, to increase uptake of NSV.

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