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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 402-406

Prescription patterns of antipsychotics in the management of first episode psychosis at three psychiatric hospitals in Khartoum, 2018: A descriptive cross-sectional study

1 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
2 Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Bashir A Yousef
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Khartoum, Khartoum - 11111
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_892_19

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Background: First-Episode Psychosis (FEP) is defined as the first treatment contact with psychiatric service, regardless of the duration of symptoms. This study aims to determine the antipsychotics prescription patterns in FEP patients at three psychiatric hospitals in Khartoum. Method: A descriptive cross-sectional retrospective hospital-based study was conducted at Eltigani Elmahi, Taha Baasher, and Abd Elaal Aledrissi Psychiatric hospitals in Khartoum State, Sudan, during the period March to July 2018. Medical records of patients with FEP were identified and reviewed to look for demographic data, the onset of symptoms, investigations requested, and medications prescribed. Data were recorded and subjected to statistical analysis using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences. Result: Reviewing the medical records of the 98 FEP patients (66 males and 32 females) included in the study showed that the majority of patients (94.8%) were medicated with combinations of psychotropic medications. The most commonly used combination was Haloperidol, Olanzapine, Promethazine, and Benzodiazepines. And only 5.1% of the whole population was treated with an atypical antipsychotic (Olanzapine) as a monotherapy. Conclusion: Based on prescription patterns and requested investigations, there was a wide gap between the actual practice regarding antipsychotics prescriptions for FEP at the three psychiatric hospitals and the evidence-based guidelines in this respect.

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