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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 2442-2447

Burnout syndrome among southern region orthopedic surgeons, Saudi Arabia

1 Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
3 Family and Community Medicine Department, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohammed Lafi Shaher Al-Otaibi
Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, P.O. Box 641, Abha
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_142_20

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Background: Burnout is known as result of long term exposing to stress. There are some factors that may cause stress in physicians: nature of work, their training, their public image, their families and themselves. The person who has burnout syndrome (BOS) seems like to have tiredness, low energy, nervousness, and mentally unstable. The aim of the study is to assess the pattern and magnitude of burnout among orthopedic surgeons in southern region, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was applied targeting all orthopedic surgeons in 12 hospitals all southern region, Saudi Arabia during the period from December 2018 to April 2019. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaire that was developed by the researchers. The questionnaire included personal data. Burnout was assessed using Maslach Burnout Inventory Scale. Results: A total sample of 107 orthopedic surgeons were included with their ages ranged from 25 to 65 years old with mean age of 38.1 ± 8.9 years. About 94% of the surgeons were males and 43.9% were Saudi. Generally, the surgeons recorded mean score for emotional exhaustion of 18.9 points out of 54 with mean score% of 35.1%. Regarding depersonalization, the surgeons had mean score % of 30.7% and had a score of 39.6% for personal accomplishment. Conclusions: The study revealed that all included physicians had moderate levels of burnout. Personal accomplishment was the highest level of burnout recorded. Health education sessions and periodic training is required to improve surgeons coping strategies to overcome burnout.

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