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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 2577-2579

Rare case of gemination of mandibular third molar—A case report

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, C.K.S. Theja Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Consultant Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Vasantdada Patil Dental College and Hospital, Kavalapur, Maharashtra, India
4 Consultant Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Jyoti Kendra General Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
5 Prosthodontist and Implantologist, Jaysingpur, Shirol, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India
6 Consultant Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, CLOVE Dental and OMNI Hospitals, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
7 Department of Periodontics, Sri Sai college of dental surgery, Vikarabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S Sandeep
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, C.K.S. Theja Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_117_20

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Fusion and germination are the anomalies that occur due to some developmental eccentricity during the time of morpho-differentiation of the tooth bud and have a close resemblance to each other. The gemination is an attempt of the division of a single tooth into two and, hence, appears as an enlarged single tooth while the tooth count is normal when the affected tooth is counted as one. Its exact pathogenesis is ambiguous. This anomaly has been observed mostly in deciduous dentition as compared to that in permanent dentition. Gemination is rarely associated with the third molar and, hence, the terminology is arguable when this condition is seen in relation to the third molar. In the present article, a case of germination of mandibular third molar has been reported.

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