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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 2830-2836

Patterns and determinants of healthcare-seeking behavior among hypertensive patients in a rural population of north India: A mixed-method study

1 Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Medical Sciences and Research (MMIMSR), Mullana, Amabala, Haryana, India
2 Community Medicine, Adesh Medical College and Hospital, Shahabad (M), Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amrit Virk
Community Medicine, Adesh Medical College and Hospital, Shahabad (M), Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_200_20

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The prevalence of hypertension in india over the last 30 years is known to have increased rapidly. Hypertension is a chronic disease that needs to be managed within its sociological context as experienced by individuals. This study was conducted to identify the quantitative and qualitative determinants of healthcare-seeking behavior among hypertensive individuals in a rural population of north india. Methodology: A mixed-method study involving 100 adult hypertensive patients was employed. Data were collected on demographic characteristics, health-seeking behavior, and the reasons for choosing a particular health service using a structured questionnaire and interview guide. Descriptive statistics were used to examine the influence of determinants on health-seeking behavior and utilization of healthcare facilities and expressed as percentages. Qualitative data were thematically analyzed. Results: A total of 100 participants with hypertension between 38 and 76 years of age were included in the study. Out of the total study participants, 66.0% of the respondents were males and 34.0% were females. Participants demonstrated a generalized knowledge of hypertension and showed significant gaps and misconceptions in their understanding of the disease and the need for seeking expert care. There was also a lack of sense of trust in the healthcare system. Various demographic, sociocultural, and economic determinants of healthcare-seeking behavior in these rural patients' services were explored. This evidence can prove helpful in streamlining interventional programs and realigning the existing interventions to prevent and control hypertension in rural settings.

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