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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 3251-3255

Utility of quick sepsis-related organ failure assessment (qSOFA) score to predict outcomes in out-of-ICU patients with suspected infections

Department of Medicine, JIPMER, Pondicherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mukta Wyawahare
Department of Medicine, JIPMER, Pondicherry
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_150_20

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Background: Referral of sepsis patients at the level of primary care is often delayed due to the lack of an assessment tool which effectively predicts sepsis. The quick Sepsis-related Organ Failure Assessment score (qSOFA) can be used in such scenarios to improve patient outcomes. Aim: To assess the prognostic accuracy of qSOFA score in predicting adverse outcomes in patients with suspected infections and to compare it with the SIRS (Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome) and the SOFA (Sequential Organ failure Assessment Score). Methods: This study included 180 participants admitted in the emergency wards of the Department of Medicine, over a period of one year with suspected infection. The primary outcome was the combined outcome of mortality and/or ICU stay of more than three days. Secondary outcomes were the duration of ICU stay, duration of inotrope use, and duration of mechanical ventilation. Statistical Analysis: Descriptive statistics using SPSS version 19.0 was applied in the study. Results: Of the 180 participants, 54 had a qSOFA score of 2 at admission, 52 participants had an SIRS score of 2. The qSOFA score had the highest AUC for both mortality and the combined outcome of mortality and prolonged ICU stay (0.740 and 0.835, respectively). For a combined outcome of mortality and ICU stay >3 days, the qSOFA score had a sensitivity of 75% and a specificity of 82%. The positive likelihood ratio was 4.17. Conclusion: In a primary care setting, the qSOFA score of more than 2 can be used reliably to refer patients for admission and intensive care as they are likely to need longer hospital stay and can have worse outcomes.

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