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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 3525-3531

Lifestyle behavior of budding health care professionals: A cross-sectional descriptive study

1 College of Nursing, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
2 Department of Community and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Suresh K Sharma
College of Nursing, AIIMS, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand - 249 203
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_491_20

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Background: College life is a crucial period and at this age, students are more likely to get involved in unhealthy lifestyle behavior like poor dietary habits, physical inactivity, and use of substances, etc. Objectives: Study objectives were to determine the lifestyle behavior of budding healthcare professions and to determine the association of bio-physical profiles with their personal profile, activity, sleep, and dietary pattern. Settings and Design: The current study adopted a cross-sectional design and carried out during May - June 2019 among 284 participants of tertiary care institute. Methods and Material: Participants were selected through a proportionate stratified sampling technique. Self-structured questionnaire and Likert scale were used to assess the lifestyle behavior of participants. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis. Results: Majority of participants (70.7%) preferred junk food as a substitute of meal. Significant number (68.3%) of students did not exercise regularly and 30.9% have disturbed sleep pattern. One-third of them (34.5%) were in pre-hypertensive stage and alarming number of them having unacceptable body mass index (BMI) (24.7%) and waist hip ratio (28.5%). Increased BMI was significantly associated with male gender (P = 0.01) and sleep deprivation (P = 0.03). Significantly more male participants were hypertensive and pre-hypertensive (P = 0.001). Conclusions: Study data indicated that having knowledge regarding health is not enough to ensure that health professionals will follow healthy lifestyle and it is important to motivate budding health care professionals to practice healthy lifestyle with an aim of health promotion and prevention of diseases.

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