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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 3688-3700

Capacity building of primary care physicians of the tea garden hospitals in Dibrugarh, Assam: A demonstration project

1 National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Regional Medical Research Centre, Dibrugarh, Assam, India
3 National Institute of Medical Statistics, New Delhi, India
4 TATA Research and Referral Hospital, Dibrugarh, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shalini Singh
ICMR-National Institute of Cancer Prevention & Research, I-7 Sector 39, Noida, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_40_20

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Background: The three most commonly occurring cancers in India are those of the breast, uterine cervix, and lip or oral cavity, together accounting for approximately 34% of all cancers. All the three cancers are amenable to prevention, early detection, and treatment through which the morbidity and mortality due to these cancers can be reduced. This pilot study was conducted to assess the operational feasibility of the national cancer screening guidelines. Method: This study was conducted in the Dibrugarh district of Assam in seven tea garden hospitals which serve as the primary health centers for the tea estate population in the Northeast region of India. The study intervention was a three-day training package designed to train primary care physicians in population-based screening for oral, breast, and cervical cancers. Knowledge evaluation and skill assessment were performed with a validated questionnaire and checklist, respectively. Results: Pre and posttraining knowledge assessment showed significant gain in the knowledge levels of the participants in all topics. The greatest knowledge increase was seen in breast cancer (96.3%), followed by cervical cancer (57.5%), oral cancer (35.5%) and general cancer-related information (16.7%). The skill assessment done for each participant individually at the end of the training indicated a need for retraining all participants in breast cancer screening. Conclusion: The learnings from this study will be of great help in scaling up the capacity building programme for cancer screening when the nation-wide population-based cancer screening programme will be rolled out in the country.

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