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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 3815-3819

Overdiagnosis and overtreatment; how to deal with too much medicine


1 Departments of Medicine, Acharya Shri Chander College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Jammu, J&K, India
2 Departments of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Acharya Shri Chander College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Jammu, J&K, India
3 Departments of Surgery, Acharya Shri Chander College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Jammu, J&K, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Puneeta Gupta
Department of Medicine, Acharya Shri Chander College of Medical Sciences, Jammu, J&K; Postal Address: House No 384 Sector No 5, Channi Himmat, Jammu, J&K
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_433_20

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The past few decades have seen medical science making rapid strides in the field of diagnostic technologies, thus making it possible to detect some conditions at a very early stage. An unwanted effect of these developments is overdiagnosis which occurs when a true abnormality is discovered, but detection of that abnormality and its treatment does not benefit the patient. Overdiagnosis is encountered as a result cancer screening, in genetic diseases and in some chronic conditions when disease definition is broadened. There is urgent need of development of evidence based decision-making tools for clinicians which will help patients understand the benefits and harms of different screening and treatment methods. And the treating physician has to play a important role to convince the patient that watchful waiting, for some of the lesions may be the best option available in some circumstances.


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