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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 4240-4246

Undernutrition and associated factors among children 1-5 years of age in rural area of Haryana, India: A community based cross-sectional study

1 Department of Community Medicine, SHKM Government Medical College, Nalhar, Haryana, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Shahdol, Madhya Pradesh, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, MMIMSR, Mullana, Haryana, India
4 Department of Community Medicine, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ram Kumar Panika
Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Shahdol, Madhya Pradesh - 484 001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_766_20

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Background: Children under five years of age are most vulnerable to the vicious cycles of malnutrition, disease/infection and resultant disability all of which influence the present condition of a child at the microlevel and the future human resource development of the nation at the macrolevel. Aim: The present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of undernutrition among under-five children; and to determine the associated factors. Methods: All 112 Anganwadi Centres in block Lakhan Majra were enlisted and 30 Anganwadi Centres were selected by adopting systematic random sampling. From each selected Anganwadi Centre, 20 children of 15 years of age group were selected by simple random sampling, thus, a sample of 600 children was included in the study. Results: Overall prevalence of undernutrition in our study was found as follows: wasted 18.4%; underweight 38.3%; stunted 41.3%. Mothers who had four or more ANC visits and IFA intake for 100 or more days had lower prevalence of wasting, stunting, and underweight than the mothers with three or less ANC visits and inadequate IFA intake. Children with a history of pre-lacteal feeding had higher prevalence of stunting, underweight, and wasting than the children with no history of pre-lacteal feeding. Conclusion: Every endeavor should be made to combat the outcomes of undernutrition through multipronged approach such as growth monitoring, nutritional supplementation, etc., Also, present study findings reinforce the importance of proper infant and child feeding practices and appropriate maternal care in prevention of childhood undernutrition.

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