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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 4323-4328

Serum Vitamin D levels and gestational diabetes mellitus: analysis of early pregnancy cohort from a teaching hospital of Kashmir Valley

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Government Medical College, Baramulla, J&K, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Suhail Iqbal
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Government Medical College, Baramulla, J&K
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_900_20

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Background and Aims: The association of gestational diabetes mellitus and serum Vitamin D levels in different trimesters of pregnancy has been studied recently. We conducted this study in an prospective observational cohort of well-characterized healthy pregnant women to examine the relationship between 1st trimester Vitamin D levels and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) status during pregnancy. Methods: All pregnant women attending the out-patient department of Gynecology & Obstetrics, aged less than 35 years, and who were in their first trimester were included in the study. Socio-demographic, anthropometric details, clinical details, food frequency questionnaire and physical activity data was collected using validated pretested questionnaire. Results: The comparison between those with GDM and those with normal glucose levels has been illustrated. Women in the GDM are older than those in the non-GDM group. The women in GDM group were taller, heavier and their BMI was greater than those in the non-GDM group. There were no significant differences in dietary intake at baseline between mothers with GDM and those with normal glucose levels. Further, it was found that Vitamin D concentration of <30 nmol/L was found among higher among those with GDM and the relationship was statistically significant. Conclusion: There is an association between maternal Vitamin D deficiency and increased risk for GDM in early pregnancy among Kashmiri women.

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