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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 4381-4385

Effectiveness of mouth self-examination for screening of oral premalignant/malignant diseases in tribal population of Dehradun district

1 Department of Dentistry, Government Doon Medical College (Hospital), Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
2 Department of Dentistry, Govt Medical College, Haldwani, Uttarakhand, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Dental College Azamgarh, Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Department of Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridge and Implantology, Banaras, Dental College Azamgarh, Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
5 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Saraswati Dental College, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
6 Consultant Orthdontist, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Bharat Bhushan
Department of Dentistry, Govt Medical College, Haldwani, Uttarakhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_535_20

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Background: Mouth self-examination (MSE) is shown as a speedy, economical, and effortless method of oral cancer detection. As previous studies were conducted in population with high literacy, the current survey was performed to explore the usefulness of MSE for finding the oral cancerous precancerous lesions in indigenous low literate population of Dehradun district. Materials and Methods: It is a cross-sectional survey which was done on the Buksa tribal communities in Dehradun district, India. Out of seven tehsils in the district, two were randomly selected, from which two villages were selected. Individuals belonging to Buksa tribe above the age of 18 years were gathered in commonplace. A total of 539 people who gave their consent were enrolled for study. Using a questionnaire, information regarding sociodemographic details, history of risk factors, and practice of MSE was obtained by interview method, followed by recording oral findings by a single expert. Later, performance of MSE was taught to the participants and they were asked to record the same. Descriptive analysis and Chi-square test were applied wherever applicable and significance level was kept at below 0.05. Results: It was observed that out of 539 participants, 220 (40.8%) practiced MSE and 319 (59.2%) have never practiced MSE. Further analysis showed that a total of 39% males and 42.7% females had MSE habits and this difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). In totality, the prevalence of oral lesions identified by health worker was 213 (39.5%), whereas MSE showed only prevalence rate of 69 (12.8%). MSE had low sensitivity (24.6%), whereas high specificity (87.4%) for all the lesions and most sensitive in detecting ulcers (72.7%), and highest specificity in identifying red lesions (99.2%). Conclusion: Even though the sensitivity of MSE for detecting oral premalignant/malignant lesions was low, specificity was very high. Frequent efforts to educate and encourage public on MSE may enhance efficacy and compliance.

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