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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 1890-1894

Prevalence and contributing factors for adolescent obesity in present era: Cross-sectional Study

1 Senior Nursing Officer, All India Institute of Medical Science, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
2 PhD Scholar, All India Institute of Medical Science, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
3 Principal, College of Nursing, All India Institute of Medical Science, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
4 Deputy Medical Superintendent, All India Institute of Medical Science, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ms. Kusum K Rohilla
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand - 249203
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1524_20

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Background: Adolescent obesity is a very common issue in our culture. Recent studies have shown that this is a form of global burden that may predispose factors in advanced life for many other diseases. Adolescents are a positive force for a country, responsible for their future prosperity and also for their nations. Objectives: The main objective of the study was to identify the prevalence of obesity among adolescents and its diverse contributing factors. Methods: The analysis was a cross-sectional sample method and was carried out using a sampling methodology which was not possible. Through using standardized questionnaires and using validated and calibrated heighometers and weighting devices, data was obtained from 385 participants. Body mass index (BMI) scale of the World Health Organization (WHO) has been used to create a category for obesity. BMI values greater than + 1 SD fall in the range of overweight, and levels of obese greater than + 2 SD. Results: It was found that 6.8% of adolescents were obese and that about 17.1% were overweight. Remaining 53.8% percent had normal category of BMI and 22.3 percent were category of underweight. A significant association of gender, socioeconomic status, dietary habits, chocolate eating habits, mode of transportation to school, sports participants, physical activity, and screen time. Adolescents who were athletic enthusiasts and those who did physical activity had a good BMI. The teens who watched more than 2 h of screen time were more obese, and these were only a few reasons that were responsible for teenage obesity. Conclusion: Health care practitioners and policy makers need to be aware of the prevalence and contributing factor to teenage obesity. Adolescents will embrace practices such as healthy eating habits, avoiding smoking and physical inactivity. This obesity may increase their risk of developing chronic illnesses in adulthood and later life stage.

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