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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 1987-1993

Oral pain and infection control strategies for treating children and adolescents in India

1 Dental Officer (Peadodontics and Preventive Dentistry), Field Hospital, Manipur, Punjab, India
2 Classified Specialist (Prosthodontics) CMDC, Chandigarh, Punjab, India
3 Classified Specialist (Prosthodontics) CDU, Nagaland
4 Graded Specialist (Peadodontics and Preventive Dentistry) INHS Sanjivani, Kerala, India
5 Classified Specialist (Orthodontics) Army Dental Centre Research and Referral, New Delhi, India
6 Dental Officer, MDC Gopalpur, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rahul Kaul
House No. 150, MH Road, Ekta Vihar, Udhampur - 182 101, J&K
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_2419_20

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Introduction: Oral and dental health form an integral part of complete well being of an individual and society at large. Promoting oral health and societal progression go hand in hand. Aim: To investigate dentists' attitudes about pain and infection control while treating children and adolescents by assessing their recommendations of pre- and postoperative analgesics and antibiotics, and use of local anesthesia (LA) for definitive treatment in different clinical scenarios. Materials and Method: A total of 400 dentists, both general dental practitioners (GDPS) as well as specialist dentists, were surveyed over a period of 2 months by using a pre-tested close-ended questionnaire. The data was statistically analyzed using Pearson's Chi-square test and backward logistic regression analysis for analysis of categorical variables and independent variables, respectively. Level of significance was set at 5%. Results: It was found that there was a gross overuse of antibiotics and analgesics and under use of LA by GDPs compared to specialist dentists. Postoperative antibiotics and analgesics were used more commonly than preoperative antibiotics and analgesics. These strategies were used more often in permanent teeth than primary teeth except the use of LA, which was used with equal frequency in both primary as well as permanent dentition. Conclusion: Dependence on antibiotics and analgesics for achieving pain and infection control in children has to be minimized and focus has to be shifted on judicious definitive treatment involving use of LA, aseptic techniques, and behavior management techniques.

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