Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 822--824

Effect of female sex hormones on cardiorespiratory parameters


Gayatri Godbole, AR Joshi, Savita M Vaidya 
 Department of Physiology, Bharati Vidyapeeth Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Gayatri Godbole
Plot No. 1, Parijat Society, Bibwewadi Road, Pune  -  411  037, Maharashtra
India

Introduction: Female sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone regulate various phases of the menstrual cycle. Hormonal changes tend to affect various parameters of physical fitness. Maximum oxygen uptake (VO2 max) is a measure of aerobic power. This study was planned to assess effect of different phases of menstrual cycle on cardiorespiratory parameters like pulse rate, respiratory rate and VO2 max. Methods: 100 female medical students in the age group of 17-22 years were studied for three consecutive menstrual cycles. Weight, resting pulse rate, respiratory rate and VO2 max were measured during premenstrual phase (20th-25th day) and postmenstrual phase (5th to 10th day). Results: It was observed that there was a significant increase in body weight, pulse rate, and respiratory rate during premenstrual phase. There was a decrease in VO2 max during the premenstrual phase. Conclusion: This study indicates that there is decreased cardio-respiratory efficiency during premenstrual phase.


How to cite this article:
Godbole G, Joshi A R, Vaidya SM. Effect of female sex hormones on cardiorespiratory parameters.J Family Med Prim Care 2016;5:822-824


How to cite this URL:
Godbole G, Joshi A R, Vaidya SM. Effect of female sex hormones on cardiorespiratory parameters. J Family Med Prim Care [serial online] 2016 [cited 2020 Oct 20 ];5:822-824
Available from: https://www.jfmpc.com/article.asp?issn=2249-4863;year=2016;volume=5;issue=4;spage=822;epage=824;aulast=Godbole;type=0