Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 10  |  Page : 3166--3172

Comparison of the subgingival temperature of smokers and nonsmokers in healthy and diseased sites of gingiva in association with sublingual body temperature


Dhirendra K Singh1, Gunjan Kumar2 
1 Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, KIIT Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, KIIT Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Dhirendra K Singh
Department of Periodontology, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, KIIT University, Campus - 5, Patia, Bhubaneswar - 751 024, Odisha
India

Background: To compare the subgingival temperature in healthy and diseased sites of gingiva in smokers and non-smokers using a modified digital thermometer. To also find whether subgingival temperature measurements can be used as reliable indicator of periodontal disease activity. Materials and Methods: Participants for this study comprised 50 males, 25 smokers and 25 non-smokers with mild to moderate periodontitis, aged 25-40 years and had four maxillary incisor teeth (12, 11, 21, 22) intact. For each participant, six sites around each tooth were examined. Hence, a total of 24 sites for each participant were examined. The clinical parameters used were probing pocket depth and gingival bleeding index. Results: Sublingual and subgingival temperature was found to be warmer in smokers compared to non-smokers. Subgingival temperature was more in diseased sites than healthy sites in both smokers and non-smokers. The mean temperature differential of diseased sites in smokers was more compared to non-smokers. Mean probing pocket depth was higher in smokers, but bleeding sites were less. Conclusion: Subgingival temperature measurement was found to be a good indicator of periodontal disease activity.


How to cite this article:
Singh DK, Kumar G. Comparison of the subgingival temperature of smokers and nonsmokers in healthy and diseased sites of gingiva in association with sublingual body temperature.J Family Med Prim Care 2019;8:3166-3172


How to cite this URL:
Singh DK, Kumar G. Comparison of the subgingival temperature of smokers and nonsmokers in healthy and diseased sites of gingiva in association with sublingual body temperature. J Family Med Prim Care [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Nov 30 ];8:3166-3172
Available from: https://www.jfmpc.com/article.asp?issn=2249-4863;year=2019;volume=8;issue=10;spage=3166;epage=3172;aulast=Singh;type=0