Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 4333--4336

Prevalence and determinants of Alcohol use in a remote rural area in South India: A community-based cross-sectional study


Sri Keerthana Gopikrishnan, David Gregg Smith Ponraj, Ariarathinam Newtonraj, Anil Jacob Purty, Mani Manikandan, Antony Vincent 
 Department of Community Medicine, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sri Keerthana Gopikrishnan
Department of Community Medicine, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Pondicherry - 605014
India

Introduction: Alcohol use is a major public health problem in India. We sought to study the use of alcohol and its risk factors in a rural area in South India. Methods: This study was conducted in 20 villages surrounding a Rural Health Training Centre, located in South India. The study was done from March 2018 to October 2018 with the help of Medical Interns and Medical Social Workers using a pretested questionnaire. Results: In a total population of 14,925, 11,995 individuals are in the age group of 15 years and above, among whom 1,005 were reported to be using alcohol. The prevalence of alcohol among 15 years and above is 8.4% (7.9–8.9) and the overall prevalence in the total population is 7% (6.3–7.1). Prevalence of alcohol use among males and females are 16% and 1%, respectively. The alcohol use is higher among those who prefer open defecation (adjusted Odds Ratio (aOR) 1.2 (1.0–1.4)), Kutcha house (aOR 1.7 (1.4–2.2)) or semi-pucca house (aOR 1.3 (1.121.6)), lower caste (Most Backward Castes (MBC) aOR 1.7 (1.2–2.2), Scheduled Castes (SC) aOR 2.1 (1.6–2.9)), male gender (aOR 41 (29–59)), Married 5.0 (3.7–6.8), or Separated 2.6 (1.5–4.4) and Diabetes 1.6 (1.1–2.3). Conclusion: Alcohol use in a remote rural area is high among socially deprived communities who live in kutcha and semi-pucca houses and belong to a lower caste. This needs serious public health interventions to improve their socioeconomic status.


How to cite this article:
Gopikrishnan SK, Ponraj DG, Newtonraj A, Purty AJ, Manikandan M, Vincent A. Prevalence and determinants of Alcohol use in a remote rural area in South India: A community-based cross-sectional study.J Family Med Prim Care 2020;9:4333-4336


How to cite this URL:
Gopikrishnan SK, Ponraj DG, Newtonraj A, Purty AJ, Manikandan M, Vincent A. Prevalence and determinants of Alcohol use in a remote rural area in South India: A community-based cross-sectional study. J Family Med Prim Care [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 May 18 ];9:4333-4336
Available from: https://www.jfmpc.com/article.asp?issn=2249-4863;year=2020;volume=9;issue=8;spage=4333;epage=4336;aulast=Gopikrishnan;type=0